ABC CONTRACTING typically applies the principles of the following civil engineering sub-disciplines:
Construction engineering concerns the planning and management of the construction of structures such as highways, bridges, airports, railroads, buildings, dams, and reservoirs. Construction of such projects requires knowledge of engineering and management principles and business procedures, economics, and human behavior. Construction engineers engage in the design of temporary structures, quality assurance and quality control, building and site layout surveys, on site material testing, concrete mix design, cost estimating, planning and scheduling, safety engineering, materials procurement, and cost engineering and budgeting.
Construction engineering is differentiated from construction management from the standpoint of the level of mathematics, science and engineering used to analyze problems and design a construction process.
In general, it involves the planning (preliminary and detailed) and execution of designs developed by structural, transportation, site development, hydraulic, environmental, geotechnical and other engineers.
This sub-discipline of civil engineering focuses on structural design and analysis of buildings, plants, foundations and supports, bridges, towers, offshore structures for oil and gas fields, etc. The work involves identifying the loads which act upon a structure, analyzing the forces and stresses which arise due to those loads, and then designing the structure to successfully handle the loads.
Design considerations include strength and stability of the
structures when subjected to static loads such as self-weight and dynamic loads such as wind, seismic,
construction, etc. Engineering designs take into account cost, constructability, safety, aesthetics and sustainability.
Individuals might find themselves designing special concrete foundations for industry buildings, equipment, generators, fans, compressors, pumps, exchangers, petrochemical and transmission towers, large rotating equipment, vessels and tanks; or, designing buildings, pipe racks, pipe bridges, platforms, walkways, equipment supports, transmission towers and flare stacks, using structural steel.
Concerned with the rock and soils that support civil engineering systems, Engineers apply knowledge from the fields of geology, material science and testing, mechanics and hydraulics to safely and economically design foundations, retaining walls, bunkers, trenches and other structures.
Engineers and Technologists in this sub-discipline are concerned with moving people and goods efficiently and safely. This includes specifying, designing, constructing, and maintaining transportation infrastructure, which includes above ground pipeline corridors, bridges and haul access and facility roads.
Intelligent transportation system (ITS) is an emerging trend in leading countries which is based on applications of information technology. The components of transportation systems (vehicles, roads, traffic lights, message sign etc) are now embedded with micro chips and sensors enabling them to communicate with each other through wireless technology. ITS is aimed to improve safety, security and efficiency of transportation systems.
All built infrastructure must be the right size and set in the right position in relation to site boundaries and other structures. Civil Engineering professionals receive training in the basics of surveying and mapping, as well as Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
A common use of a survey is to determine a legal property boundary. The first stage in such a survey is to research relevant title records such as deeds, survey monumentation (marks on the ground), and any public or private records that provide relevant data. In order to properly establish the position for survey markers, the surveyor must then take measurements. To do this, the surveyor usually places a total station over various points on the ground and records distances taken. The surveyor analyses the data and makes comparisons with existing records to determine evidence that can be used to establish boundary positions. The surveyor calculates the bearing and distance of lines between the boundary corners and total station positions and uses them to set out and mark the corners in the field. He may check measurements by measuring directly between places using a flexible tape.
Civil Construction Engineering Technologist
As a member of a multi-disciplinary team, a person may be responsible for the supervision, coordination and administration of challenging civil construction projects in this industry. Responsibilities may include:
• Managing the project including preparing project work plans, cost estimates and technical specifications for the scope of civil work.
• Reviewing technical specifications for bid documents, evaluating tenders and preparing recommendations for contractor and vendor selections.
• Overseeing the construction phase – inspecting completed work, construction sites and materials to ensure quality is maintained in accordance with contract specifications and relevant safety codes.
• Coordinating all services required for fully functioning project sites, field facilities and camp facilities including storage, transportation, materials management, logistics, deliveries, shipping, warehousing and equipment.
• Addressing quality control issues and change requests that arise during construction.
• Maintaining productive working relationships with multi-discipline project team members, contractors, and others that have an effect on the quality, schedule and cost of projects.
• Preparing reports and presentations.
visor who will also coordinate with client’s safety inspector for guidance.